Posted by: newperspectives85 | January 6, 2012

An Intro to Fundamentalism 1.6.12

What is fundamentalism?

–any reliigous orthodoxy that is revivalist and ultraconservative in nature.
–originally designated an American Christian movement after a set of volumes–The Fundamentals: A Testimony of the Truth–published between 1910 and 1915 and embraced both absolute religious orthodoxy and a commitment to inject its beliefs into political and social arenas.
–a generic description for all religious movements that seek to regain and publicly institutionalize traditional social and cultural values that are usually rooted in the teachings of a sacred text or written dogma
–can be found in every dominant religion wherever a western-style society has developed
(i.e Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, Sikhims, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Zoroastrianism
–a reaction to the modern world; a coping mechanism (a not so great one) to counteract an already changing society that is denounced as trying to erase the true faith and traditional religious values
–places a high priority on doctrinal conformity and its necessity to achieve salvation (problem: intolerance as a result)
–Fundamentalists feel there is no need to discuss it or argue it in open forum.
–To some observers, fundamentalism is by nature undemocratic and states controlled by fundamentalist regimes combining politics and religion of necessity stifle debate and punish dissent
–Example: Islam
—-it is claimed that “all Muslims believe in the absolute inerrancy of the Quran…” (The Islamic Herald, April 1995)
—-Several countries (i.e Islamic Republic of Iran and Islamic Republic of Pakistan) proclaim by official name their administrative commitment to religious control
–Fundamentalists believe they and their religious convictions are under mortal threat
–They see modern secular society–with its assumption of equality of competing voices and values–as trying to eradicate the true faith and religious varieties.
–Every fundamentalist movement begins as an intra-religious struggle directed against its own religionists and countrymen in response to a felt assault by the liberal or secular soceity they inhabit.
–The group may blame its own weakness and irresolution for oppression they feel and the general social decay they perceive. To restore society to its idealized standards, the aroused group may exhort its followers to ardent prayer, ascetic practices, and physical or military training.
–If unable to peacefully to impose its beliefs on others, the fundamentalist group–seeing itself as the savior of society–may justify more extreme actions against perceived oppressors
–When an external culture or power is seen as the unquestioned source of pollution and exploitation frustrating social vision, some fundamentalists have been able to justify any extreme action and personal sacrifice for the cause.
–In their struggle, it appears an easy progression from domestic dispute and disruption to international terrorism.

Source: Getis, Getis, Fellmann. 2004. Introduction to Geography. Ninth Edition. New York: McGraw Hill Higher Education

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Responses

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  2. You are my aspiration, I own few web logs and occasionally run out from brand :). “Follow your inclinations with due regard to the policeman round the corner.” by W. Somerset Maugham.


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