Posted by: newperspectives85 | October 25, 2014

What is classroom management EDUC 4080 Summer 2012

Antoine Varner

EDUC 4080 Summer 2012 UVA Wise

Dr. David Lee

Due Date: June 25, 2012

Assignment #1

 

What is classroom management? How will effective classroom management determine the success of your students?

Classroom management consists of the ways the teacher organize and structure their classrooms to maximize student cooperation and engagement along with minimize disruptive behavior. Classroom management can be maintained by way of lesson plans along with rules and procedures. Lesson plans help keep order in the classroom and students participating, so that behavior problems are minimal. Rules and procedures helps the students making them feel secure, focused on the task at hand, and respect the teacher.

Part of classroom management includes planning out a good lesson plans. That lesson plan may include group activities or classroom discussions where each student expresses their thoughts or views regarding the topic in question. With the group activities, a student learns cooperation with others and teamwork. By working in group, the student finds their strengths along with their weaknesses. A student, for example, may be great at being a group leader but may have trouble with others skills. Those weaknesses for that one student may be a strength for another student in the group. As they find their strengths and weaknesses, the student grows personally as well as professionally. By having group discussions as part of the lesson plan, a teacher maintains effective classroom management and will determine the success of the students through the relationships formed in the classroom, as well as professional development. For the group activity to work, the group must be one hundred percent focused on the task at hand. Too much goofing off or inattentiveness will result in the group being separated, and affect the class participation grade for that day. These rules will ensure the student stays on task while being able to work with their friends. They may also be placed in groups in which the students do not normally work in. This will help gain perspectives that may not have been heard. In addition to group activities, another way of maintaining effective classroom discipline through the lesson plan is to have classroom discussions.

In classroom discussions, the student is encouraged to express his or her views about the topic in question. The teacher does put boundaries on the discussion. For example, rules may include no putting down of other students through laughing and criticizing them. Anyone who does so may be asked to leave the classroom and earn a zero for the activity. Language while speaking is also something to monitor to keep from the class getting out of hand. The students must be reminded to speak appropriate language (i.e. no profanity) in the discussion of class material. Anyone who is not able to speak politely towards others need to be silent and refrain from causing disruptive behavior. With the rules in place, it will encourage the student’s confidence to speak in the class without people being rude to them. Students fear public speaking in the classroom out of fear of ridicule and criticism. That is why the rules of respecting others during classroom discussions have to be enforced. It helps to give students different perspectives than their own—they may hear something they have not thought of before.

Part of maintaining classroom management through the lesson plan involves lectures. The lecture is designed to cover the topic in question (i.e. the Civil War of the 1860s or the birth of nationalism during the mid to late 18th century).   Reinforcement of materials from lecture is done through class activities and homework assignments. This will lead to the success of students through the retaining of material by way of quizzes and unit tests. It also helps to monitor progress and help the teacher figure out areas of weakness—what to improve on for reviewing before major tests and the SOL tests. Electronic devices may not be used while lecturing as it distracts others and the teacher, not to mention get the student in trouble as they will have no notes and have the device taken away from them with possibly no chance of getting it back. Talking while the teacher is talking is also inappropriate, and may result in disciplinary action. This may be necessary especially if having a large class and there is no other way to resolve the problem. Classroom management through disciplinary action will lead to students’ success as it provides for students to learn without serious behavior problems.

Without a lesson plan, there will be no order. Students will take advantage of the poor classroom management. Examples include poor behavior and being disrespectful of fellow students and the teacher. It will be hard to maintain classroom management because the beginning of the year could very well determine how the rest of the year will go. This is important because students need to feel secure in the classroom. They need to grow professionally and need to have rules to thrive. Without the management, the teacher will gain a poor reputation from the students, parents, and fellow colleagues. The students will not feel secure and have no motivation to behave in the class. Parents will not be happy with the teacher because of the numerous complaints from their children, and it will not be their fault. Fellow teachers will also notice the poor classroom management and may not want to associate with the teacher. In addition, the teacher who lacks classroom management may not last long in their position. Not only is a lesson plan a part of effective classroom management, but also knowing the development of students.

An effective teacher knows where the students are developmentally. Not all students develop at the same rate. The teacher has to determine who needs more help in getting their work done as well as methods of meeting the student’s needs. This is done through Individual Education Plans each year, best known as IEPs. If a student needs extra time on a test, effective classroom management may entail having other students work on another assignment while the one person is finishing their test. Disruptive behavior may be dealt with by either taking points off the test or removing the student from class for noncompliance. Effective classroom management in this case will ensure that the student is giving every opportunity to do his or her very best on assessments. In addition, assigned seating as a means for effective classroom management so that troublemakers are not sitting next to each other distracting the entire class. Some students if allowed to sit together will cause trouble for everyone including the teacher. To not allow the kids to get away with sitting with their friends who could cause problems, that is why the assigned seating is necessary especially in the first few weeks of class—so that the teachers figure out who are good students academically, professionally, and gains the privilege to sit next to his or her friends since the teacher knows they will not pose a problem. The assigned seating is also necessary to figure out who is a potential troublemaker—the seating helps familiarize the teacher with the students. In middle and high school, development is an issue as there is much emotional energy in teenagers—emotional energy as in stress due to peer pressure, problems at home, or pressure to do well. With this in mind, effective classroom management means that homework will not be so much that the student is overwhelmed, especially since they have other classes that give them work. They do have a life and some teachers do not realize it and pile on tons of homework or classwork like it is punishment. Piling tons of homework or classwork on students like your class is the only thing in their lives or punishing them with tons of work is not conducive to effective classroom management. The students will learn to hate the teacher who does this, and any attempt for the teacher to maintain the class will fail—because the student will not respect someone who punishes them with tons of homework like their class is the only thing important in a student’s life. Part of the emotional energy students have is related to peer pressure, an issue that can affect classroom management.

A student being in a positive or negative peer group does have implications for students’ success and classroom management. A student in a positive peer group has increased self-esteem, and more likely to excel in the classroom. One who is in a negative peer group is most likely to become a troublemaker. They are more likely to have low self esteem and act out as a cover for their problem. The student in the negative peer group poses a concern for the teacher—the negative peer group along with the student of concern could pick on others and bully students, as well as disrupt the class and disrespect the teacher. To maintain effective classroom discipline and the safety of the students, the one causing the trouble has to be removed. An effective way of handling the situation is by writing a referral, especially if the teacher has a large class and cannot be handled any other way. Chances are that the negative peer group has caused problems for other teachers and classes. The student from that negative peer group has been negatively influenced and needs to be dealt with if possible…there are some cases in which the teacher can reach out to those he or she can, and the rest may be a lost cause.

A final element to effective classroom management is fairness. Students have a distinct sense of what is and is not fair. The teacher must act fairly towards all students if they hope to be respected. There cannot be any inconsistency because students, as mentioned above, know when there is an inconsistency. Once inconsistencies are spotted, the chances of a teacher having respect or having the students follow their rules will be slim to none. Even if rules are followed, the students will do this grudgingly and will resent the teacher with good reason, especially if it is one who does not correct the problem.

Classroom management is essential to the success of the students. A lesson plan can act as a map as to where the class needs to be in relation to the curriculum, and helps keep the class on task. Without lesson plans, the chances for effective classroom management will decrease as students will take advantage of the situation and a potential end to the teacher’s career. Regarding a student’s development, the effective teacher knows not all students get work done at the same rate as others. Some may need extra time. The effective teacher also knows that their students have lives outside of their classroom—they will assign homework but will be fair in how much is assigned. Fairness is a quality essential for effective classroom management as students want to be treated fairly and can easily sense when they are not. Effective classroom management ensures that the students succeed in the classroom.

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